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Title: River Ice Breakup
Editor: Spyros Beltaos
Specifications: Hard Cover, 480 pp,
12 photos in color

ISBN 13: 978-1-887201-50-6
ISBN 10: 1-887201-50-5

Price: US $85
Cat No: RIB

A collaborative effort by different experts in the field of river ice, contributing their unique expertise and focusing on different aspects of river ice breakup processes and associated problems.

Also see: River Ice Jams <> BUY both books and save 10%

DESCRIPTION


The breakup of a river ice cover can be both fascinating and perilous, owing to ever-changing ice conditions and dynamic processes that sometimes lead to extreme flood events caused by ice jams. Though much progress has been made recently in the study of ice jams, less has been achieved on the more general, and more complex, problem of how to predict the entire breakup process, from the first ice movement to the last ice effect on river stage. This type of knowledge is essential to determining when and where ice jam threats may develop and when they may release and generate steep flood waves that can trigger ice runs and jamming further downstream. In turn, such understanding is invaluable to natural hazard reduction, ecosystem conservation and protection, and adaptation to climatic impacts. This book combines the existing information, previously scattered in various journals, conference proceedings, and technical reports. It contains contributions by several authors to achieve a comprehensive and balanced coverage, including qualitative and quantitative descriptions of relevant physical processes, forecasting methods and flood-frequency assessments, as well as ecological impacts and climatic considerations. The book should be of interest to readers of different backgrounds, both beginners and specialists.

From the Table of Contents:

CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION<>Brian C. Burrell
PROLOGUE • ICE BREAKUP IN LAKES, RIVERS, AND ESTUARIES • RELEVANCE OF ICE BREAKUP TO INFRASTRUCTURE AND PUBLIC SAFETY • OVERVIEW OF ICE BREAKUP EFFECTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT • EFFECT OF REGULATION ON RIVER ICE BREAKUP • ACQUIRING INFORMATION ABOUT BREAKUP • CONTENT

CHAPTER 2 - THE ICE CYCLE OF CANADIAN RIVERS<>David Milburn
INTRODUCTION • FREEZEUP • WINTER • BREAKUP • REGIONAL DIFFERENCES • DISCUSSION AND CONCLUDING REMARKS • APPENDIX 2.A.

CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW OF THE BREAKUP PROCESS<>Spyros Beltaos
INTRODUCTION • TRIGGERS OF BREAKUP • TYPES OF BREAKUP EVENTS • ICE JAMS AND JAVES • BREAKUP PATTERNS

CHAPTER 4 - HEAT TRANSFER AND ICE COVER DECAY<>Faye Hicks, Wei Cui & George Ashton
GENERAL OVERVIEW OF ICE COVER DECAY PROCESSES • METHODS FOR QUANTIFYING THE THERMAL DECAY OF ICE • APPLICATIONS TO THERMAL BREAKUP AND ICE MELT MODELLING • SUMMARY • APPENDIX 4.A. CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER TO ROUGH BOUNDARIES (ADAPTED FROM BELTAOS AND BURRELL 2006) • APPENDIX 4.B.

CHAPTER 5 - PRE-BREAKUP PERIOD<>Spyros Beltaos
THERMAL EFFECTS • HYDRAULIC EFFECTS • HYDROMECHANICAL EFFECTS • SUMMARY • APPENDIX 5.A.

CHAPTER 6 - ONSET OF BREAKUP<>Spyros Beltaos
PHYSICAL CONSIDERATIONS AND DEFINITIONS • EMPIRICAL FINDINGS • THEORETICAL CONCEPTS AND SEMI – EMPIRICAL FORMULATIONS • TESTING OF BREAKUP CRITERIA • SCALE EFFECT ON ICE STRENGTH • EFFECT OF JAVES ON BREAKUP INITIATION • IMPLICATIONS OF ONSET MECHANISM TO JAM FORMATION AND ICE CLEARANCE • EXAMPLES OF APPLICATION • OCCURRENCE OF THERMAL BREAKUP EVENTS • CLOSING REMARKS AND RESEARCH NEEDS • APPENDIX 6.A.

 

CHAPTER 7 - ICE JAMS<>Spyros Beltaos
INTRODUCTION • ICE JAM EVOLUTION • PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF BREAKUP ICE JAMS • PREDICTING FLOODING POTENTIAL • THERMAL ASPECTS • ICE JAM MANAGEMENT AND MITIGATION • SUMMARY • APPENDIX 7.A.

CHAPTER 8 - ICE-JAM RELEASE: JAVES, ICE RUNS AND BREAKING FRONTS<>Martin Jasek & Spyros Beltaos
DIFFERENT TYPES OF RIVER WAVES • CAUSES OF ICE-JAM RELEASE • UNIMPEDED ICE RUNS AND JAVES • IMPEDED ICE RUNS AND BREAKING FRONTS • BREAKUP PROGRESSION AND ICE CLEARANCE • JAVE MODELLING • SEDIMENT TRANSPORT • SUMMARY • APPENDIX 8.A.

CHAPTER 9 - DEVELOPMENT OF ICE-AFFECTED STAGE-FREQUENCY CURVES<>Kathleen D. White
INTRODUCTION • BRIEF OVERVIEW OF STAGE-FREQUENCY ANALYSIS • PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH ICE • METHODS FOR DETERMINING ICE-AFFECTED STAGE-FREQUENCY RELATIONSHIPS • CONCLUSIONS • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS • APPENDIX 9.A.

CHAPTER 10 - BREAKUP ICE JAM FORECASTING<>Kathleen D. White
INTRODUCTION • FORECASTING ICE JAM OCCURRENCE BASED ON ICE COVER BREAKUP • FORECASTING BREAKUP ICE JAMS • CONCLUSIONS • APPENDIX 10.A.

CHAPTER 11 - ICE BREAKUP: A NEGLECTED FACTOR IN RIVER ECOLOGY<>Terry D. Prowse & Joseph M. Culp
INTRODUCTION • ABIOTIC TEMPLATE • BIOTIC EFFECTS AND RESPONSES • WATER QUALITY CHANGES AND EFFECTS • SUMMARY DISCUSSION • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

CHAPTER 12 - CLIMATIC ASPECTS<>Spyros Beltaos & Brian C. Burrell
INTRODUCTION • UNDERSTANDING CLIMATIC CHANGE • THE CHANGING CLIMATE – A CANADIAN PERSPECTIVE • CLIMATIC INFLUENCES ON GOVERNING BREAKUP FACTORS • KNOWN ICE REGIME RESPONSES TO CLIMATIC VARIABILITY • FORESEEABLE CHANGES AND RELATED IMPACTS • DISCUSSION: RELATED IMPACTS • RESEARCH NEEDS • SUMMARY

REFERENCES <> AUTHORS’ INDEX <> SUBJECT INDEX



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